-Follow with preferred serums and moisturizer. Ingredients-Alpha Arbutin 2%: One of the most advanced natural ingredients in skincare to help brighten skin tone. The formula contains tried-and-true illuminating ingredients such as vitamin C, niacinamide, and alpha-arbutin. The Inkey List Alpha Arbutin It provides an overnight nourishment boost for … Find out which product is the best. This peptide protects the skin barrier and can help fade hyperpigmentation. Replenishing. with the purchase of any eligible product. This formula is empowered by a highly concentrated dose of Alpha Arbutin, which reduces your skin’s melanin production. THE INKEY LIST Alpha Arbutin - 1 OZ: Amazon.ca: Beauty. In my opinion – very much still budget skincare picks for the active ingredients they have. Support SkinCarisma by shopping from our trusted partnered retailers below! A common little helper ingredient that helps water and oil to mix together, aka emulsifier. You know what you’re getting from then name. Other than having a good safety profile and being quite gentle to the skin it has some other advantages too. Product details. Anecdotally, many individuals have reported that Silicones cause/excerbate breakouts, irritation, cause a feeling of skin being unable to breathe, cause clumping of cosmetic products and find it difficult to wash off. Have some feedback? Usually the main solvent in cosmetic products. A natural corn sugar derived glycol. Comes from coconut oil and glycerin, it’s light-textured, clear, odorless and non-greasy. It's free of harmful alcohols, allergens, gluten, sulfates, parabens, silicones, polyethylene glycol (PEG) and synthetic fragrances. We compare the two products based on their ingredients and safety information. Tinh chất sáng da The INKEY List - Alpha Arbutin ( 30mL ) ₫ 369.600. - Squalane: Hydrates skin. It usually has to be neutralized with a base (such as sodium hydroxide) for the thickening to occur and it creates viscous, clear gels that also feel nice and non-tacky on the skin. A clear, colorless, almost odorless oil that spreads nicely and easily and gives a velvet dry skin feel. BG’s main job is usually to be a solvent for the other ingredients. Hydrating. A handy white powder that magically converts a liquid into a nice gel formula. Protecting. THE INKEY LIST ⋅ Rosehip Oil Gesichtsöl ⋅ Turmeric Feuchtigkeitspflege ⋅ Alpha Arbutin ⋅ Niacinamide ⋅ Hepta Peptide Serum ⋅ Hyaluronic Acid Serum ⋅ Vitamin B,C,E, Moisturiser ⋅ Retinol Eye Cream ⋅ Retinol Serum ⋅ Vitamin C Serum ⋅ Squalane Gesichtsöl ⋅ Brighten-I Eye Cream ⋅ Kaolin Maske ⋅ Caffeine Augenserum ⋅ Collagen Serum ⋅ Snow Mushroom ⋅ Pol It does so by neutralizing the metal ions in the formula (that usually get into there from water) that would otherwise cause some not so nice changes. Ingredient Safety Breakdown (EWG Health Ratings), No personal ingredient notes, It is possible for cosmetics to contain one of the suspect ingredients without it appearing on the ingredient list due to it not reaching the concentration threshold to disclose it and cosmetic manufacturers choice to not disclose it. For the full list, check out the Ingredients tab. This holiday, give the gift of knowledge to someone special with our ingredient led gift offers for skin & hair. Tinh chất chống lão hóa The INKEY List - Retinol ( 30mL ) ₫ 299.200. The Inkey List Alpha Arbutin Rs. Hydrating. Parabens are a large group of preservatives which are used to prevent bacteria growing in cosmetic formulations. Typically used at 1% or less in most formulations. Look out for the tick on the EU-Allergen free label to know your cosmetic is free from any of the 26 identified cosmetic ingredients. It is one of the more promising natural preservatives that can be used even alone (recommended at 2-4%), but it's not as effective as more common alternatives, like parabens or phenoxyethanol. The Inkey List Alpha Arbutin, 30 ml Visit the THE inkey LIST Store. Rosehip Oil helps to brighten and improve the appearance of skin tone and texture. Protecting. The community where skincare It is good friends with sunscreen agents and helps to solubilize them. Yes, it’s soap. Serum. For the same reasons they are popularly used, they are also commonly avoided. Have suggestions, comments? 4.00 (1 rating) The Chemistry Brand. INGREDIENT CATEGORY: Plant Extract, Tyrosinase Inhibitor BEST FOR TREATING: Hyperpigmentation (Dark Spots), Brightening SKIN TYPES FOR USE: All SAFETY: A-Arbutin is safe for topical use in concentrations of up to 2% and B-Arbutin is safe for topical use in concentrations of up to 7% in skin care products. Super common little helper ingredient that helps products to remain nice and stable for a longer time. The Inkey List Alpha Arbutin has a higher share of humectants. Unify uneven skin tone with Alpha Arbutin from the groundbreaking skincare brand, The Inkey List. However some sulfates are so good at their job, they can wash off your skin’s own natural oils that keep it moisturised and protected which can lead to dryness and irritation. olive), and in the sebum (the oily stuff our skin produces) of the human skin. It can be found in nature - in green tea - but the version used in cosmetics is synthetic. Shop now. Full ingredients and safety reports. 3,395 Derived from the leaves of the bearberry plant, this 2% Alpha Arbutin serum targets the appearance of hyperpigmentation and dark spots, helping to brighten the skin and improve overall skin tone. Allergies & immunotoxicity . No wonder it’s popular. Voicemail Masque. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. or can’t find what you’re looking for? Lactic Acid Serum. Cette formule est enrichie d’une dose hautement concentrée d’Alpha arbutin, un … The Inkey List Alpha Arbutin Serum. The Inkey List Alpha Arbutin Brightening Serum ingredients explained: Water, Butylene Glycol, Propanediol, Glycerin, Alpha-Arbutin, Dicaprylyl Carbonate, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Leuconostoc/Radish Root Ferment Filtrate, Hyaluronic Acid, Phenoxyethanol, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Caprylyl Glycol, Squalane, Phospholipids, Glycine Soja (Soybean) Extract, Carbomer, Polysorbate 60, Disodium EDTA, Sodium Hydroxide, Glycolipids, Glycine Soja … There are certain classes & groups of ingredients that have been shown to promote and feed the growth of the Fungal Acne, Fungi such as fatty acids, oils, esters, polysorbates and fermented ingredients. As a result, please note this is only an experimental label that can be best used to possible identify problematic products you have used in the past. Alcohol ingredients are widely used in cosmetics and come in different types. It is in no way a perfect identifier nor a predictor in whether or not it will exacerbate or cause fungal acne. Propanediol is a natural alternative for the often used and often bad-mouthed propylene glycol. A super common emollient that makes your skin feel nice and smooth. Alpha Arbutin 2%, Squalane 0.5%. It is typically used in tiny amounts, around 0.1% or even less. It seems to us that squalane is in fashion and there is a reason for it. It provides an overnight nourishment boost for … The Inkey List Alpha Arbutin Ingredients. Rosehip Oil is packed with essential fatty acids, Omega-6 and skin beneficial vitamins. enthuasists come make better decisions. Lye - A solid white stuff that’s very alkaline and used in small amount to adjust the pH of the product. At the same time, it also boosts the effectiveness of other preservatives, such as the nowadays super commonly used phenoxyethanol. Works as an excellent surface hydrator in skincare. The EU Allergen Free label is for the 26 ingredients identified by the EU SCCS and products will be only flagged if a suspected ingredient is on it's ingredient list. Try. It leaves a nice non-greasy, non-heavy feeling on the skin. Full ingredients and safety reports. It is also often used to create liposomes, small spheres surrounded by phospholipid bi-layer designed to carry some active ingredient and help its absorption. An error has occurred. An optical isomer of naturally occurring arbutin (or beta-arbutin). GHS OVERVIEW Arbutin. Valjean Labs Hydrate Facial Serum. Combining innovative science and jaw-droppingly low prices, this brand is not one to miss out on. It is in no way a perfect identifier nor a predictor in whether or not it will exacerbate or cause fungal acne. The unfancy name for it is lye. Best The INKEY List Skincare: Retinol Serum Review. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. It’s a solid white stuff that’s very alkaline and used in small amounts to adjust the pH of the product and make it just right. :) You are almost done: please check your mailbox to confirm your email! But we have found comedogenic components and fungal acne feeding components. The Chemistry Brand. The Inkey List Alpha Arbutin Brightening Serum. - Hyaluronic Acid: Hydrates and visibly plumps skin. It’s pretty much the current IT-preservative. Just like its sibling, alpha-arbutin is also a skin-brightening, depigmenting agent. See the list … The INKEY List Alpha Arbutin Brightening Serum. Pityrosporum Folliculitis/Malassezia folliculitis or simply known as Fungal Acne is a persistent acne-like condition that commonly responds poorly to traditional acne-treating methods. 100% cold pressed, natural facial oil with antioxidant properties. You need to use Alpha Arbutin consistently for at least 3 months before deciding if it works or not for you. Prime Cart. learn more about saving ingredients to your profile here, Water Wrapping Toning Sun Tint SPF50 + PA +++, Renewed Hope Overnight Refining Moisturzier, Rainforest of the Sea Drink of H2O Hydrating Boost. Read what notable effects these ingredients have with Skincarisma” It is good friends with sunscreen agents and helps to solubilize them. The INKEY List new launches are all under £15. The Inkey List - Alpha Arbutin Brightening Serum. It comes from coconut oil and glycerin, it’s light-textured, clear, odorless and non-greasy. We don't have description for this ingredient yet. Butylene glycol, or let’s just call it BG, is a multi-tasking colorless, syrupy liquid. You can usually find it right in the very first spot of the ingredient list, meaning it’s the biggest thing out of all the stuff that makes up the product. :( Our own research resulted in conflicting results: a study from 1995 found that alpha-arbutin is 10x as effective on mouse melanoma as beta-arbutin. Other tasks include helping the product to absorb faster and deeper into the skin (penetration enhancer), making the product spread nicely over the skin (slip agent), and attracting water (humectant) into the skin. Sodium Hyaluronate, Citric Acid. This beloved serum is stuffed with 2% alpha arbutin to laser-focusly target and fade hyperpigmentations (dark spots, melasma) and brighten overall skin tone. A common little helper ingredient that helps water and oil to mix together, aka emulsifier. A big molecule created from repeated subunits (a polymer of acrylic acid) that magically converts a liquid into a nice gel formula. The most common skincare ingredient of all. The inkey list alpha abutin is derived from the leaves of the bearberry plant, this 2% Alpha Arbutin serum targets the appearance of hyperpigmentation and dark spots, helping to brighten the skin and improve overall skin tone. It also contains squalane, hyaluronic acid and glycine Soja (soybean) extract which helps to increase skin hydration and smoothness. Some of these items ship sooner than the others. Detailed comparison between The INKEY List Alpha Arbutin Brightening Serum vs The Ordinary Niacinamide 10% + Zinc 1%. contains a SkinCarisma flagged potentially Fungal-Acne feeding Ingredient. Rosehip Oil helps to brighten and improve the appearance of skin tone and texture. Use restrictions . Perfect for those seeking tone- and texture-levelling solutions, this Alpha Arbutin serum targets hyperpigmentation and … 4.3 out of 5 stars 48 ratings. Apply this as one of your last serums and start to show dull skin the door. Like this, the products can stay more stable over time. It’s an ingredient whose safety hasn’t been questioned so far by anyone (at least not that we know about). A four amino acid peptide that is claimed to fade hyperpigmentation (aka age spots) and even out the skin tone. These include: Amodimethicone, Behenoxy Dimethicone, Bis-Aminopropyl Dimethicone, Cetearyl Methicone, Cetyl Dimethicone, Cyclomethicone, Cyclopentasiloxane, Dimethicone, Dimethicone Copolyol, Dimethiconol, Methicone, Phenyl Trimethicone, Phenyl Trimethicone, Stearoxy Dimethicone, Stearyl Dimethicone, Trimethylsilylamodimethicone. Serum. Can you guess what? Whether you are confused or curious about skincare, would like to know what ingredients to use for your concerns or how you can layer different products; it only takes 5 simple steps with a playground of knowledge to create a skincare recipe for YOUR skin. learn more about saving ingredients to your profile. Get in touch! puts it in his awesome blog post, squalane's main things are "emolliency, surface occlusion, and TEWL prevention all with extreme cosmetic elegance". Researching the difference between the two kinds of arbutin, you can read in multiple places on the internet that alpha-arbutin is stronger in effect. 2 ingredients make The INKEY List’s multi-biotic work; Inulin – a pre-biotic found in banana, leek and chicory root; Yogurt powder; Pre-biotics feed good skin bacteria, helping them dominate. Coming soon to a bathroom shelf near you… THE INKEY LIST’s Alpha Arbutin formula is perfect for brightening your skin while targeting the appearance of dark spots and hyperpig For example, in case of AHA or BHA exfoliants, the right pH is super-duper important, and pH adjusters like sodium hydroxide are needed. Buy Now From Sephora. Add all three to Cart Add all three to List. Its recommended used range is 0.3-3%. Popular Ingredients, The Inkey List Alpha Arbutin BG is approved by Ecocert and is also used enthusiastically in natural products. The Inkey List Alpha Arbutin Serum contains alpha arbutin at 2% plus hyaluronic acid, squalane at .5%, glycerin, and phospholipids, all ingredients that supply moisture to the skin. The Inkey List Alpha Arbutin Serum. The INKEY List Alpha Arbutin 1 oz/ 30 mL helped with brightening my face but didn't help with fading my dark spots :( Read full review on my new skincare ig page @rating.beautyworld 3 By Fiona K. Detailed comparison between The INKEY List Alpha Arbutin Brightening Serum vs The Ordinary Niacinamide 10% + Zinc 1%. It's quite a multi-tasker: can be used to improve skin moisturization, as a solvent, to boost preservative efficacy or to influence the sensory properties of the end formula. Retinol is the original OG. This long-named, polymer molecule (big molecule from repeated subunits) is a helper ingredient that's good at emulsifying and stabilizing oils into water-based formulas. Sulfates are a large group of ingredients which act as cleansing agents in Cosmetics. Share your fave pick in the comments below. is free from SkinCarisma flagged Allergens. The INKEY List Alpha Arbutin is formulated with squalane to hydrate the skin whilst tackling pigmentation issues, it improves the appearance of dull, uneven skin tone over time. Protecting. In the reduction of age spots, the peptide showed some synergistic effects with the nice vitamin-C derivative, called SAP. The manufacturer has done several clinical studies to back up its claims and examined what Tetrapeptide-30 is doing on Caucasian, Asian as well as on ethnic skin. Buffet. Inhibitif Face Serum. Get 90 days FREE of Amazon Music Unlimited. It still often shows up in the ingredient list of soaps and other cleansers. Đã bán 31. A handy multi-tasking ingredient that gives the skin a nice, soft feel and also boosts the effectiveness of other preservatives. Behind the Scene Founded by Colette Laxton and Mark Curry in 2018, The INKEY List was born from a belief that better knowledge powers better decisions. -Follow with preferred serums and moisturizer. None of the studies we could find is in-vivo (made on real people) anyways, so who knows. Exfoliating. Tìm kiếm hàng đầu. The Inkey List’s Alpha Arbutin doesn’t have a lot of extras but does contain can the namesake ingredient in a concentration capable of delivering the results promised.. Packaged in an opaque squeeze tube that protects its delicate beneficial ingredients from light and air exposure, this lightweight serum glides across skin and absorbs quickly. Replenishing. Humectants are ingredients like hyaluronic acid that attract and bind water to the skin. This can cause irritation which can also lead to other skin complications. Skip to main content.ca Hello, Sign in. The Inkey List. Great natural moisturizer and skin-identical ingredient that plays an important role in skin hydration and general skin health. As for skincare, it works as an emollient and skin-identical ingredient. It’s safe and gentle, but even more importantly, it’s not a feared-by-everyone-mostly-without-scientific-reason paraben. Hydrating. :( Our own research resulted in conflicting results: a study from 1995 found that alpha-arbutin is 10x as effective on mouse melanoma as beta-arbutin. 4. 4-Notable Ingredients. A famous natural moisturizing factor that can bind up to 1000 times its own weight in water. The Inkey List Alpha Arbutin Discover their range of ingredient led products designed to help you easily find your skincare solution, with high quality products, at an affordable price. Super common little helper ingredient that helps products to remain nice and stable for a longer time. Notable Ingredients. Soothing. A product will be paraben-free if it does not contain any of the following parabens: The Inkey List Alpha Arbutin Comprised of simple ingredients list. -On cleansed skin, apply a pea-sized amount to face and neck. Water, Butylene Glycol, Propanediol, Glycerin, Alpha-Arbutin, DicaprylylCarbonate, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Leuconostoc/Radish Root Ferment Filtrate, Hyaluronic Acid, Phenoxyethanol, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/ Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Caprylyl Glycol, Squalane, Phospholipids, Glycine Soja (Soybean) Extract, Carbomer, Polysorbate 60, Disodium EDTA, Sodium Hydroxide, Glycolipids, … The Inkey List Alpha Arbutin ($10) How they're similar: If you have dark spots or really any kind of pigmentation for that matter, alpha arbutin will be your BFF skincare addition. The Inkey List Alpha Arbutin Serum The Inkey List Alpha Arbutin Serum contains alpha arbutin at 2% plus hyaluronic acid, squalane at.5%, glycerin, and phospholipids, all ingredients that supply moisture to the skin. A product will be Sulfate-Free if it does not contain any of the following Sulfates: The Inkey List Alpha Arbutin For more information regarding Fungal Acne, please visit Simple Skincare Science (f.c) - #3 of our Recommend Skincare Resources for an amazing comprehensive guide! Unifiez votre teint irrégulier grâce à Alpha Arbutin de The Inkey List, la marque révolutionnaire de soins de la peau. The INKEY List Alpha Arbutin Brightening Serum contains 22 ingredients. See the list … But we have found comedogenic components and fungal acne feeding components. It works over a very wide pH range (3-12) and can be used to thicken up low-ph formulas, such as exfoliants. Suggested Usage:-Use AM and PM. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. There's still a lot of support for avoiding parabens following the better safe than sorry route. Added Squalane helps to increase skin hydration and smoothness. These alcohols should never be used alone on your skin, but combined with other cosmetic ingredients, they are normally without issue. For your specific case, always consult your medical professiona such as dermatologist, physician, pharmacist, or health care provider - please read our medical disclaimer for more information. We've taken the Sulfates which are considered more harsh for our Sulfate-Free status. No wonder, it is a very popular and common ingredient. For the most part alcohols are not problematic at all. According to its German manufacturer, Tetrapeptide-30 has a nice anti-inflammatory function that leads to a dual action in hindering the pigmentation process. As for skincare, it works as an emollient and skin-identical ingredient. The unsaturated (with double bonds) and hence less stable version of Squalane is Squalene, you can read about it here >>. Most people will find no issues with sulfate, however if you find your skin doesn't like sulfates then free feel to avoid them by looking out for the sulfate-free icon on Skincarisma. To buy: $36; dermstore.com . If you are concerned about the health safety of parabens, then feel free to avoid them by looking out for the Paraben-Free icon. - Hyaluronic Acid: Hydrates and visibly plumps skin. is free from SkinCarisma flagged Paraben. Their aim is simple: to break through beauty jargon to deliver a straightforward take on the most-wanted ingredients in … And if you’ve read any reviews of The Inkey List, you know this to be true. Also note, the EU Allergen Free label is not personalized for your own allergies you may have and it does not constitute as medical advice. However one type of alcohols, simple alcohols can be quite drying to the skin because it evaporates very quickly. The blend of these two (caprylyl glycol + phenoxyethanol) is called Optiphen, which not only helps to keep your cosmetics free from nasty things for a long time but also gives a good feel to the finished product. Want to see a feature? Suggested Usage:-Use AM and PM. A four amino acid peptide (Proline – Lysine – Glutamic Acid – Lysine; PKEK) whose main magic power is to fade hyperpigmentation (aka age spots) and even out the skin tone. Developmental & reproductive toxicity . Đã bán 2 [ Phân Loại ] Xịt khoáng cho da dầu mụn La Roche-Posay Serozinc ₫ 132.000. Added Squalane helps to increase skin hydration and smoothness. Normal (well kind of - it's purified and deionized) water. Inhibitif Intimate Care. Highlighted Ingredients: - Alpha Arbutin: Helps brighten skin. A type of lipid that's the major component of all cell membranes. The Ordinary. Arbutin (otherwise known as alpha arbutin) is a natural skin brightening and lightening ingredient that’s derived from bearberries, blueberries or cranberries. Detailed comparison between The INKEY List Alpha Arbutin Brightening Serum vs The Ordinary Alpha Arbutin 2% + HA. It's free of harmful alcohols, allergens, gluten, sulfates, parabens, silicones, polyethylene glycol (PEG) and synthetic fragrances. It occurs naturally in certain fish and plant oils (e.g. Water (Aqua/ Eau), Butylene Glycol, Propanediol, Glycerin, Alpha-Arbutin, Dicaprylyl Carbonate, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Leuconostoc/Radish Root Ferment Filtrate, Hyaluronic Acid, Phenoxyethanol, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Caprylyl Glycol, Squalane, Phospholipids, Glycine Soja (Soybean) Extract, Carbomer, Polysorbate 60, Disodium EDTA, … 2% Alpha - Arbutin - … BTW, lye is not something new. Find out why alpha arbutin is such an effective ingredient for fading dark spots and uneven skin tone, plus the best skincare products to try. “Find the full list of ingredients of The Ordinary Alpha Arbutin 2% + HA here! It can be used to improve skin moisturization, as a solvent, to boost preservative efficacy or to influence the sensory properties of the end formula. ALPHA-ARBUTIN. Water (Aqua/ Eau), Butylene Glycol, Propanediol, Glycerin, Alpha-Arbutin, Dicaprylyl Carbonate, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Leuconostoc/Radish Root Ferment Filtrate, Hyaluronic Acid, Phenoxyethanol, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Caprylyl Glycol, Squalane, Phospholipids, Glycine Soja … Highlighted Ingredients: - Alpha Arbutin: Helps brighten skin. It’s safe and gentle, and can be used up to 1% worldwide. It acts as a tyrosinase inhibitor (the famous enzyme needed to create melanin), and it also blocks the transfer of the melanin up into the top layers of the skin. The Inkey List’s Alpha Arbutin doesn’t have a lot of extras but does contain can the namesake ingredient in a concentration capable of delivering the results promised.. Packaged in an opaque squeeze tube that protects its delicate beneficial ingredients from light and air exposure, this lightweight serum glides across skin and absorbs quickly. Also one of the best alpha arbutin serums on the market. The INKEY List’s multi-biotic is fab because most skin problems aka acne or sensitive skin or dermatitis are caused by bad skin bacteria breeding. Show details. Target Your Concerns, Find Your Ingredients, Play With The Products. Highlighted Skin Goals. Choose your preferred country & currency below to personalize your experience. “Find the full list of ingredients of The Ordinary Alpha Arbutin 2% + HA here! Exfoliating . A clear, colorless, almost odorless oil that spreads nicely and easily and gives a velvet dry skin feel. Both of the above are highly concentrated to yield fast and efficient results—you'll be brighter and more clear noticeably fast—and feature hyaluronic acid for bonus moisturizing perks. It’s a great pick for creating a nice feeling product. It's a popular duo. Pretty much the current IT-preservative. Good old water, aka H2O. They are a popular class of ingredients found in cosmetics due to their smooth, soft, easy-to-spread and smooth properties that help creates an artificial layer/barrier on top of skin or hair (commonly found in conditioners). Xem tất cả Tinh chất The INKEY List Niacinamide ( 30mL ) ₫ 238.000. Unlike most cases of Acne where bacteria is the culprit, Fungi is the culprit of Fungal Acne (Hence the name!). Serum. They help loosen up the dirt and grime from your skin and hair to allow for water to wash it away with ease. It also acts as a thickening and gelling agent that creates nice, non-sticky and supple textures. At SkinCarisma, we've done our best to identify as many ingredients as possible but note the fungal-free label may not be 100% accurate due to the complexconditions and combination of ingredients that malezzeria can thrive on. However, for some people with sensitive and easily irritable skin, avoiding products with these simple alcohols may be beneficial. Check Amazon For Best Price. Leuconostoc/Radish Root Ferment Filtrate, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Read more on how to read an ingredient list >>, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Read all the geeky details about Glycerin here >>, Read all the geeky details about Hyaluronic Acid here >>, the nice vitamin-C derivative, called SAP, A natural moisturizer that’s also in our skin, A super common, safe, effective and cheap molecule used for more than 50 years, Not only a simple moisturizer but knows much more: keeps the skin lipids between our skin cells in a healthy (liquid crystal) state, protects against irritation, helps to restore barrier, Effective from as low as 3% with even more benefits at higher concentrations up to 20-40% (around 10% is a good usability-effectiveness sweet spot), High-glycerin moisturizers are awesome for treating severely dry skin, It’s naturally in our skin and behaves there like a sponge, It can bind up to 1000 times its own weight in water, It is a big molecule from repeated subunits (polymer) so different molecular weight versions exist (unfortunately there is no way to determine MW from INCI list only), High-molecular-weight-HA (>500 kDa) is an excellent surface hydrator, skin protectant and can act as an osmotic pump helping water-soluble actives to penetrate deeper into the skin, Low-molecular-weight-HA (< 500 kDa) can hydrate the skin somewhat deeper though it is still a big molecule and works mainly in the epidermis (outer layer of the skin), Low-molecular-weight-HA might also help the skin to repair itself by increasing its self-defense (~ 200kDa used in the study), Ultra-low-molecular-weight-HA (<50kDa) is a controversial ingredient and might work as a pro-inflammatory signal molecule.
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