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research on child marriage

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46, No. human rights and a form of violence against girls. A marriage falls under the scope of this Act if either of the contracting parties meets its definition of child. While most research on child marriage focuses on Africa and Asia, growing evidence shows an alarming rise of child marriage in humanitarian settings. Marriage. I find these research questions to be broad enough to target effectively, therefore no further RESEARCH ARTICLE Effect of child marriage on girls’ school dropout in Nepal: Analysis of data from the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2014 Kazutaka Sekine1¤*, Marian Ellen Hodgkin2 1 Health Section, UNICEF Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal, 2 Education Section, UNICEF Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal 15, No. This year, research from Lebanon showed how living in urban areas influenced refugee parents’ decisions to marry girls young. New research identifies what works best to delay marriage in Ethiopia and Tanzania. According to USAID, forced marriage is a marriage at any age that occurs without the free and full consent of one or both spouses. Child marriage has been illegal in India since the passing of the Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929. Rather, a variety of religions are associated with child marriage in countries throughout the world. Child marriage leads girls to have children earlier and more children over their lifetime. Far less attention has been paid to child marriage in sub-Saharan Africa, where prevalence rates remain high. In Latin America, child marriage remains a hidden and underestimated problem – partly because of the language used to describe unions which are mostly informal. Help elevate our work by donating to ICRW today. In the least developed countries, that number doubles – 40 per cent of girls are married before age 18, and 12 per cent of girls are married before age 15. Here’s what we learned. Washington, D.C. 20036. Child marriage robs them of their childhoods, education, health and freedom, and can leave girls vulnerable to abuse for the rest of their lives. Women reporting marriage or cohabitation before the age of 18 were defined as experiencing child marriage. Child Marriage & Meeting the needs of unmarried Children.” under this task order, The Child, Early, and Forced Marriage resource guide was designed and developed to assist usaid staff to effectively integrate state-of-the art approaches to child, early and forced marriage prevention and … Child marriage is caused when two young or one young and one adult individuals are forced into the institution of marriage without their consent. The elimination of child marriage by 2030 is a target under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We fund opportunities for researchers to network, share new knowledge and collaborate, so that organizations around the world can more effectively advance the sexual health and rights of adolescent girls. By Ellen Travers, Head of Learning on Wednesday 20th Dec 2017. Are you planning new research on child marriage in 2018? Child Marriage Research Library. ą Child marriage is a harmful practice that dispro - portionately affects girls, with negative impacts on their health, education, and opportunities in life. The practice is costing the global economy trillions of dollars, according to research conducted by ICRW and the World Bank. As Head of Learning, Ellen leads Girls Not Brides strategy on learning for impact and designs initiatives to help inform and advance policies and programmes which seek to end child marriage and support married girls. It is intended as a guide, depending on the Child marriage continues to be highly prevalent in Africa, where almost 40% of girls are married before age 18 [ 1 ]. Continued concerted efforts to address the root causes of child, early … It is a major barricade to stopping child marriage. Child marriage can lead to a lifetime of suffering. Current research shows that child marriage limits girls’ education, leads to early and more frequent childbirth and puts girls at a heightened risk of experiencing violence, food insecurity and other negative health outcomes, such as pregnancy complications or sexually transmitted diseases. The reasons behind child marriage are complex, but some root causes include inequitable gender norms, poverty and the belief that marriage will protect girls from sexual assault or harassment. marriage remains very high, combating child marriage is an important area for policy, not only in terms of the impact of child marriage on education, but also in terms of health and social its impacts, and the need to guarantee the right for girls not to marry early if they do not want to. We're centralizing research from around the globe to make information more accessible. “Where does child marriage happen most?” It’s the first question we get asked... 2. If child marriage continues at this rate, an additional 100 million girls in developing countries will be married within the next 10 years. Facts About Child Marriage . ... International Center for Research on Woman. The highest rates of child marriage are seen in West and Central Africa, where over four in ten girls were married before age 18. We fund opportunities for researchers to network, share new knowledge and collaborate, so that organizations around the world can more effectively advance the sexual health and rights of adolescent girls. ICRW is working around the world. Free outline for the center is to state. Child marriage is a marriage or similar union, formal or informal, between a child and an adult or another child under a certain age, typically age eighteen. Child brides often show signs symptomatic of sexual abuse and post-traumatic stress such as feelings of hopelessness, helplessness and severe depression. of child marriage. Despite laws against it, the practice remains widespread: Globally, one in every five girls is married, or in union, before reaching age 18. African Union extends campaign to end child marriage until 2017, 2017 in review: 6 signs we made progress towards ending child marriage, Child marriage has a significant economic impact, new World Bank research states, What we’ve learnt from the national survey on child marriage in Tanzania, Child marriage and the SDGs: celebrating Day of the African Child 2017, Setting the age of marriage at 18 can have a huge impact on child marriage, Four things we’ve learned about child marriage in West Africa, Tanzania’s Supreme Court declares child marriage unconstitutional, Together we can make child marriage & HIV history, Informal child marriages in Mexico: findings from new INSAD report, From Brazil to Norway, to Ethiopia: The many faces of child and forced marriages. A new study on the economic impacts of child marriage by the World Bank and the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) suggests that the negative impacts of child marriage on a wide range of development outcomes are large. They also looked at the impact and cost effectiveness of four types of interventions in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia and Tanzania. While most research on child marriage focuses on Africa and Asia, growing evidence shows an alarming rise of child marriage in humanitarian settings. We use our research to educate national and international policymakers on the urgent need for leadership and action to prevent child marriage. First, we take the typical age group for research on child marriage: 20 to 24 years. It shed new light on drivers and decision-making about child marriage across contexts, the impact of child marriage, and what we know about what works to address it. At the policy level, UNFPA’s desk review sheds light on laws and policies and strategies affecting adolescents and youth including child marriage, and Tahirih Justice Centre analysed minimum age of marriage laws in the US. This policy brief highlights findings from research on child marriage from Young Lives (Ethiopia, Peru, Vietnam and the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana) and Child Frontiers (Zambia).1Using data from longitudinal surveys and qualitative research, we find that: Despite evidence that both caregivers and young people wish to … Research paper on child marriage in bangladesh 30 years for further assistance. Consider a donation to support ICRW’s work and improve the lives of women and girls today. According to the International Center for Research on Women, “if present child marriage trends continue, more than 142 million girls worldwide will be forced to marry adult men during the next decade-the equivalent of 38,000 girls every day.” Each state, territory and federal district sets the marriage age in its jurisdiction. Across Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, and Yemen, communities affected by conflict and displacement are turning to child marriage when faced with increased poverty and risks of sexual violence against girls. This new evidence could be a game-changer for civil society advocates and policy-makers alike – it provides us with a credible tool to show that ending child marriage is not only the right thing do, it’s also the smart thing to do if we want to see increased economic development. Therefore, the research wishes to provide a future research and to contribute to the debate of child marriage by presenting a different view on the subject. The United Nations and policymakers in the United States have relied on ICRW research to inform the creation and improvement of policies and practices, as well as to build more successful interventions to prevent the practice and include girls who are already married in programming across various sectors. Several studies revealed that accurate data on the true extent of child marriage is difficult to obtain since many of such marriages are unregistered and the ages of girls are falsified ( UNIFPA, 2006). As for Girls Not Brides, we will be supporting new research on implementing multi-sectoral strategies at sub-national level to help inform how national strategies to address child marriage are being implement. ICRW offers a range of services and solutions. ICRW. A child marriage, also referred to as an underage marriage in the United States, is a marriage in which at least one party is under 18 years of age. Across Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, and Yemen, communities affected by conflict and displacement are turning to child marriage when faced with increased poverty and risks of sexual violence against girls. Each state, territory and federal district sets the marriage age in its jurisdiction. PREVALENCE OF EARLY CHILD MARRIAGE. We know that new research is underway in little known regions (such as Georgia, Latin America, and in humanitarian contexts), and on new thematic issues (including sexuality, economic impact, social norms, disability, and so on). The report also identified that in the year 2011, globally 720 million girls and 156 million boys under the age of 18 years are estimated to be married. While countries with the highest prevalence of child marriage are concentrated in Western and Sub-Saharan Africa, due to population size, the largest number of child brides reside in South Asia. In 2017, this number was just over one in five. programme, Transforming the Lives of Adolescent Girls and Young Women, which involved research in Ethiopia, Nepal, Uganda and Viet Nam. Consequently this shall be done from my perspective upon child marriage. Plan International has started research in eight Latin American countries, while the World Bank is due to release several country reports about the economic impacts of child marriage. I find these research questions to be broad enough to target effectively, therefore no further In the Dominican Republic, Plan International highlighted different drivers of child marriage, from pressure to marry following unintended pregnancy, to a desire to escape violent family homes. Child marriage refers to any formal marriage or informal union between a child under the age of 18 and an adult or another child. Many factors interact to place a child at risk of marriage, including poverty, the perception that marriage will provide ‘protection’, family honor, social norms, customary or religious laws that condone the practice, an inadequate legislative framework and the state of a country’s civil registration system. In our summary of lessons learned from national strategies to end child marriage, we share lessons and challenges from countries developing specific policies and strategies to end child marriage. According to the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), 100 million girls will be married before the age of 18 in the coming decade. Related Publications. We expect 2018 to continue to inform our efforts to end child marriage around the world. ICRW has also explored how best to support girls who are already married. A new report by INSAD showed that in Mexico, over 30% of girls in many rural areas are married or in informal unions, and often feel that this is what is expected of them. In addition to putting a girl’s health at risk, it hinders her ability to exercise her right to choose who, if, and when she marries; to pursue her right to education; and in many cases, may also impede her legal and economic rights. Due to relatively small sample size for some of our outcomes in this age group, we also estimate our regressions on a larger subsample of women: 20 to 29 years. Find resources and publications from ICRW staff. Adolescent Wellbeing and Youth Development, Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights, Technology-facilitated Gender-based Violence. Child marriage in India, according to the Indian law, is a marriage where either the woman is below the age of 18 or the man is below the age of 21. Use our system, demonstrating that research and marriage is only twelve. Ellen works to highlight solutions being taken to address child marriage in different countries, and to enable members to learn from each other about effective approaches to end the practice. As a result, child marriage has a profound impact on girls, their families, communities and countries worldwide. Find out how you can work with us. Child marriage ultimately violates a girl’s aspirations and achievements. Child marriage is one of the biggest human rights violations in the world. The imposition of a marriage partner upon a child means that a girl’s or boy’s childhood is cut short and their fundamental rights are compromised. A child marriage, also referred to as an underage marriage in the United States, is a marriage in which at least one party is under 18 years of age. We're centralizing research from around the globe to make information more accessible. Child, early and forced marriage occur throughout the world, in both high- and low-income countries. No one religious affiliation is associated with child marriage. Despite the devastating impact of child marriage (marriage before the age of 18 years) on health, no study has yet evaluated its impact on mental health in the general adult population. The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals call for global action to end … Child marriage is known to take place across a wide range of communities, ethnicities and religions. COVID-19: latest news and resources on child marriage and COVID-19, Ending child marriage in challenging times – a message from our CEO, 10 ways the world got closer to ending child marriage in the last 10 years, COVID-19 and child, early and forced marriage: An agenda for action, Child Marriage: a Form of Violence Against Children, Surfer not bride: how Naomi waved goodbye to early marriage, More than a white dress: In the midst of the Syrian crisis, girls rise to end child marriage. Across Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, and Yemen, communities affected by conflict and displacement are turning to child marriage when faced with increased poverty and risks of sexual violence against girls. As a result, child marriage has a profound impact on girls, their families, communities and countries worldwide. Continued concerted efforts to address the root causes of child, early and forced marriage is essential to ensure that we achieve Sustainable Development Goal 5.3 and end child marriages by 2030. A worthy research man-date must also be driven by programmatic and advocacy needs. Objectives Goals & Objectives Theoretical Framework Goals Theoretical Framework Develop a strategic communication plan for reducing Child Marriages in Pakistan that can raise awareness and educate the target population about the harmful effects of Child Marriages. As populations continue to grow, hundreds of millions of girls remain at risk. This harmful practice can expose girls to violence, unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion, denying them their basic rights to childhood, with damaging impact on their education, health and economic prospects. Girls Not Brides is a global partnership of more than 1500 civil society organisations committed to ending child marriage and enabling girls to fulfil their potential. While the prevalence of child marriage has decreased worldwide – from one in four girls married a decade ago to approximately one in five today – the practice remains widespread. Women who were married as girl also have fewer economic opportunities and experience greater degrees of social isolation. ICRW has conducted research on the solutions to child marriage, and we must do more. In most of the countries the minimum legal age for the child marriage is 18 years. of child marriage. child marriage rate stands at 30% while global rate is at 29% (Mashangwa, 2016 ). For the first time in June 2017, the World Bank and The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) calculated the costs of child marriage. Raise the Therefore, the research wishes to provide a future research and to contribute to the debate of child marriage by presenting a different view on the subject. With our partners, ICRW is building the evidence around what works to reduce inequality and poverty. worldwide the incidence of child marriage … ICRW works on a range of issues impacting the lives of women and girls. Ending child marriage would generate large welfare benefits through a reduction in population growth, helping to usher in the demographic dividend. ICRW was one of the first organizations to conduct research and engage in advocacy around child marriage. A new systematic review by the Population Council looked at programme evaluations from the last 20 years across Asia, Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa and highlighted the importance of empowerment approaches. The practice has affected 650 million women alive today. Search for and explore our research and programs. New findings on child marriage in Kenya, Senegal, Uganda and Zambia confirm unequal gender norms that prioritise women’s roles as wives, mothers and family caretakers as drivers of child marriage in those countries, highlighting differences with South Asia. 2017 will be an even bigger year for research on child marriage. In Northern Nigeria, child marriage is a traditional and cultural practice which is heavily influenced by Islam, a religion which historically has been practiced in the region and which continues to be practiced. New research on child marriage in 2016: what did we learn? Ending child marriage is the smart thing to do. • The Guide has been compiled from the programme’s second year of research, which focused on social norms and social norm change around early marriage and education. 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